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5.4 Trade regulations

EU-Turkey Customs Union

Turkey has significantly liberalised its import regime; any individual or enterprise can freely register to engage in the import business. It is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the EU-Turkey Customs Union also came into force in January 1996, under which Turkey and the EU have abolished all customs duties, other surcharges and import quotas levied on most manufactured products from each other. Turkey has also adopted the EU’s Common External Tariffs imposed on imports from third countries and economies. Products imported from sources other than the EU and Turkey can thus move freely within the EU and Turkey, if all import formalities have been complied with and custom duties, or charges having an equivalent effect, have been levied in the importing country.

Nonetheless, traditional agricultural products are not covered by the arrangements, and will be included in the Customs Union only after Turkey has completed the alignment of its agricultural sector with the EU’s common agricultural policy. On the other hand, some industrial products from the least developed and developing countries (including the Chinese mainland) benefit from the EU’s Generalised System of Preferences (GSP). With the creation of the Customs Union between the EU and Turkey, such products are also covered under Turkey’s GSP regime.

General import tariff rates of Turkey

HS Code

Description

MFN (%)
as of 2010

01

Live animals

0-135

02

Meat and edible meat offal

23.4-225

03

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

0-37.5

04

Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included

0-170

05

Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included

0-20

06

Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage

3.9-46.8

07

Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers

0-49.5

08

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

15.4-145.8

09

Coffee, tea, maté and spices

0-145

10

Cereals

0-130

11

Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten

4-82

12

Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder

0-35

13

Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts

0-25

14

Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included

0

15

Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes

0-50

16

Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates

54-121.5

17

Sugars and sugar confectionery

0-135

18

Cocoa and cocoa preparations

0-20

19

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares

3.8-37

20

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants

0-135.9

21

Miscellaneous edible preparations

0-58.5

22

Beverages, spirits and vinegar

0-70

23

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

0-13.5

24

Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes

10-74.9

25

Salt; sulphur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement

0-1.7

26

Ores, slag and ash

0-12.5

27

Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

0-4.7

28

Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare earth metals, of radioactive elements or of isotopes

0-5.5

29

Organic chemicals

0-9.6

30

Pharmaceutical products

0-6.5

31

Fertilisers

0-6.5

32

Tanning or dyeing extracts; tannins and their derivatives; dyes, pigments and other colouring matter; paints and varnishes; putty and other mastics; inks

0-6.5

33

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations

0-17.3

34

Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modelling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster

0-6.5

35

Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes

0-15.6

36

Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations

5.7-6.5

37

Photographic or cinematographic goods

0-6.5

38

Miscellaneous chemical products

0-9.6

39

Plastics and articles thereof

0-6.5

40

Rubber and articles thereof

0-6.5

41

Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather

0-6.5

42

Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut)

1.7-9.7

43

Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof

0-3.7

44

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

0-10

45

Cork and articles of cork

0-4.7

46

Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork

0-4.7

47

Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard

0

48

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard

0

49

Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans

0

50

Silk

0-7.5

51

Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric

0-8

52

Cotton

0-8

53

Other vegetable textile fibres; paper yarn and woven fabrics of paper yarn

0-8

54

Man-made filaments; strip and the like of man-made textile materials

3,8-8

55

Man-made staple fibres

4-8

56

Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof

3.2-12

57

Carpets and other textile floor coverings

3-8

58

Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery

5-8

59

Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use

4-8

60

Knitted or crocheted fabrics

6.5-8

61

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

8-12

62

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

6.3-12

63

Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags

0-12

64

Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles

3-17

65

Headgear and parts thereof

0-5.7

66

Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof

2.7-5.2

67

Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair

1.7-4.7

68

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials

0-3.7

69

Ceramic products

0-12

70

Glass and glassware

0-11

71

Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin

0-4

72

Iron and steel

0-23.4

73

Articles of iron or steel

0-15

74

Copper and articles thereof

0-5.2

75

Nickel and articles thereof

0-3.3

76

Aluminium and articles thereof

0-10

78

Lead and articles thereof

0-5

79

Zinc and articles thereof

0-5

80

Tin and articles thereof

0

81

Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof

0-9

82

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal

1.7-8.5

83

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

0-2.7

84

Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

0-8

85

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

0-14

86

Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds

0-3.7

87

Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

0-22

88

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof

1.7-7.7

89

Ships, boats and floating structures

0-2.7

90

Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

0-6.7

91

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

2.7-6

92

Instruments; parts and accessories of such articles

1.7-4

93

Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof

0-3.2

94

Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings

0-5.7

95

Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof

0-4.7

96

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

0-7.7

97

Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques

0

Source: Undersecretariat of Customs, Republic of Turkey

Measures not covered by the Customs Union

Anti-dumping measures

Trade-protection measures such as anti-dumping, however, have not been eliminated between the EU and Turkey. Such protective measures have likewise not been eliminated with respect to dumped and subsidised products from third countries. In other words, Turkey has its own anti-dumping actions, which are separate from those of the EU. The legislative base for implementing anti-dumping and countervailing measures in Turkey is the Law on the Prevention of Unfair Competition in Imports and the Act on the Prevention of Unfair Competition in Imports.

As at 1 November 2010, Turkey applied 50 AD measures (including 49 definitive and one provisional measures) on imports from the Chinese mainland. Meanwhile, there were also six dumping investigations undertaken by the Turkish investigating authorities against China-origin products. These include glass fibre reinforcement materials; interchangeable tools for drilling metals with working parts of high speed steel; pentaerythritol; skid chain; cored wire of base metal; and new pneumatic tyres for various vehicles. Meanwhile, Turkey applied one AD measure on imports of tempered glass lids from Hong Kong (i.e. US$0.91 per kg; imposed on 23 May 2010 for five years).

Anti-dumping measures against Chinese products in Turkey

Product

CN Code

Anti-dumping duty

Imposition date

Expiry date

Interchangeable tools for drilling metals with working parts of high speed steel

8207.50.60.00.00

8207.70.31.00.19

US$6/kg

US$10/kg

04.02.2005

04.02.2010

Pentaerythritol

2905.42.00.00.00

US$270/ton

01.07.2005

01.07.2010

Colour TV receivers with integral picture tube

8528.72.20.00.00

8528.72.31.00.00

8528.72.33.00.00

8528.72.35.00.00

8528.72.39.00.00

8528.72.51.00.00

8528.72.59.00.00

8529.90.65.90.00

8529.90.92.00.00

US$5/kg

28.07.2005

28.07.2010

New pneumatic tyres, of rubber

4011.10.00.10.00

4011.10.00.90.11

4011.10.00.90.12

4011.10.00.90.13

4011.10.00.90.19

4011.10.00.90.14

4011.10.00.90.15

4011.20.10.00.11

4011.20.10.00.12

4011.20.10.00.19

4011.20.90.00.11

4011.20.90.00.12

4011.20.90.00.19

4011.61.00.00.00

4011.62.00.00.00

4011.63.00.00.00

4011.69.00.00.00

4011.92.00.00.00

4011.93.00.00.00

4011.94.00.00.00

4011.99.00.00.00

CIF 60-87%

20.08.2005

20.08.2010

Skid chain or motor vehicles, of iron or steel

7315.20.00.00.00

US$1,500/ton

20.08.2005

20.08.2010

Poly(ethylene terephthalate) having a viscosity number of 78 ml/g or higher

3907.60.20.00.00

CIF 6.5%

27.01.2006

27.01.2011

Woven pile fabrics and chenille fabrics (other than fabrics)

5801

US$1.5/kg

27.01.2006

27.01.2011

Universal AC/DC motors of an output exceeding 37.5w

8501.20.00.90.00

US$1/piece

04.05.2006

04.05.2011

Pre-finished engineered laminated flooring (floating or not)

4418.72.00.00.00

CIF 35%

08.07.2006

08.07.2011

Only wall-type split air-conditioners & only outdoor unit of wall-type split air-conditioners (except for outdoor unit of VRF systems) & only indoor unit of wall-type split air-conditioners

8415.10.90

8415.81

8415.82

CIF 25%

26.07.2006

26.07.2011

Fittings

7307.19

US$800/ton

07.09.2006

07.09.2011

Granites

6802.23

6802.93

US$90/ton

14.09.2006

14.09.2011

Plywood consisting solely of sheets of wood, each ply not exceeding 6 mm thickness

4412.10.00.00.00

4412.31.10.00.00

4412.31.90.00.00

4412.32.10.00.00

4412.32.90.00.00

4412.39.00.00.00

US$240/m3

20.10.2006

20.10.2011

Stranded wire, ropes and cables

7312.10.49

7312.10.61

7312.10.65

7312.10.69

US$1/kg

30.12.2006

30.12.2011

Endless transmission belts of trapezoidal cross-section (V-belts), other than V-ribbed

4010.32.00.00.00

4010.34.00.00.00

4010.39.00.00.00

US$5.04/kg

31.03.2007

31.03.2012

Woven fabrics of synthetic and artificial stable fibres

55.13

55.14

55.15

55.16

CIF 87%

19.06.2007

19.06.2012

Refractory bricks of chromite, magnesite or chrome magnesite; other articles containing magneite, dolomite or chromite

6902.10.00.10.11

6902.10.00.10.12

6902.10.00.10.13

6815.91

US$145/ton

01.09.2007

01.09.2012

Wall clocks (battery accumulator or main powered)

9105.21

US$2.1/piece

24.10.2007

24.10.2012

Pocket lighters, gas fuelled, non-refillable & pocket lighters, gas fuelled, refillable with electrical ignition system & parts of lighters

9613.10.00.00.00

9613.20.10.00.00

9613.90.00.00.11

US$0.05/piece

US$0.05/piece

US$0.02/piece

01.05.2008

01.05.2013

Laminated flooring

4411.13.90

4411.14.90

4411.92.90

4411.93.90

US$1.6-2.4/m2

30.07.2008

30.07.2013

Woven fabrics of synthetic filament yarn

5407.*

CIF 70.44%

01.08.2008

01.08.2013

Blankets & long pile fabrics of synthetic fibres and others of man-made fibres for blankets

6001.10.00.00.11

6001.92

6301.40

6301.90

US$4/kg

01.08.2008

01.08.2013

Textured yarn of nylon or other polyamides, measuring per single yarn more than 50 tex

5402.31

37.4%

05.09.2008

05.09.2013

Aluminium offset printing plates

3701.30.00.00.29

US$2.65/kg

15.11.2008

15.11.2013

Tarpaulin made of polyethilene/polypropilen

3921.90.60.00.11

3921.90.60.00.13

5407.20.11.90.00

5407.20.19.90.00

US$1.06/kg

15.11.2008

15.11.2013

Pencils with leads of graphite and pencils with leads of crayons encased in a rigid sheath

9609 .10

US$3.16/144

pieces

18.12.2008

18.12.2013

Hook and loop

5806.32.90.00.11

5806.32.90.00.19

US$3.86/kg

18.12.2008

18.12.2013

Polyester textured yarn

5402.33

US$268-351/ton

31.12.2008

31.12.2013

Yarn of man made or synthetic or artificial staple fibres

55.08

55.09 (excluding 5509.52; 5509.61; 5509.91)

55.10 (excluding 5510.20)

55.11

US$0.49-0.8/kg

12.01.2009

12.01.2014

Certain finished or semi-finished artificial leather

5603.14

US$1.9/kg

18.04.2009

18.04.2014

Knives for electromechanical domestic kitchen appliances

8208.30.90.00.00

US$20.85/kg

18.06.2009

18.06.2014

Stud-link of iron or steel & welded link chain of iron or steel

7315.81

7315.82

US$1,069/ton

25.07.2009

25.07.2014

Cylindrical door locks (excluding electromechanicals) & other door locks (excluding electromechanicals) & only cylinder and case for door locks

8301.40.11.00.00

8301.40.19.00.00

8301.60.00.00.00

US$1.6/piece

US$1.77/piece

US$0.74/piece

30.07.2009

30.07.2014

Bicycle tyres & bicycle tubes

4011.50.00.00.00

4013.20.00.00.00

CIF 33-50%

05.08.2009

05.08.2014

Motorcycle tyres & motorcycle tubes

4011.40

4013.90.00.00.11

CIF 37-100%

05.08.2009

05.08.2014

Polyester synthetic staple

5503.20.00.00.00

US$0.21/kg

05.10.2009

01.09.2012

Ball point pens

9608.10.10.10.00

9608.50.00.10.00

US$0.066/piece

12.11.2009

12.11.2014

Certain tube or pipe fittings of iron or steel

7307.91.00.00.00

7307.93.11.00.11

7307.93.11.00.12

7307.93.19.00.00

US$663/ton

22.01.2010

22.01.2015

Certain made-up textile articles and fabrics made of artificial or synthetics fibres

5407.^

5810.92.10.00.00

5810.92.90.00.00

6005.31.10.00.00

6005.32.10.00.00

6005.33.10.00.00

6005.34.10.00.00

6006.31.10.00.00

6006.32.10.00.00

6006.33.10.00.00

6006.34.10.00.00

6303.12

6303.92

CIF 70.44% (Maximum US$5/kg)

11.04.2010

11.04.2015

Glass lid/cover

7010.20.00.00.00

US$0.91/kg

23.05.2010

23.05.2015

Baby carriages, parts (chassis only) 

8715.00.10.00.00

8715.00.90.00.00

US$12/piece

US$8/piece

23.05.2010

23.05.2015

Articulated link chain and parts thereof

7315.11.90.00.11

7315.11.90.00.19

7315.12.00.00.11

7315.12.00.00.19

7315.19.00.00.00

US$1,200/ton

23.05.2010

23.05.2015

Fan coil

8415.83.00.90.00

CIF 34.27%

31.05.2010

31.05.2015

Hinges of base metal & hat-racks, hat-pegs, brackets and similar fixtures of base metal & base metal mountings, fittings and similar articles suitable for furniture

8302.10.00.00.00

8302.42.00.00.00

8302.50.00.00.00

US$1.64/kg

US$1.64/kg

US$0.75/kg

20.07.2010

20.07.2015

Glass fibre reinforcement materials

7019.11.00.00.00

7019.12.00.00.00

7019.19.10.00.00

7019.19.90.00.00

7019.31.00.00.00

7019.90.91.00.00

7019.90.99.10.00

CIF 38%

(provisional)

21.07.2010

21.01.2011

Metallised yarn, whether or not gimped, being textile yarn, or strip or the like of heading 5404 or 5405, combined with metal in the form of thread, strip or powder or covered with metal

5605.00

US$2.2/kg

21.07.2010

21.07.2015

Ropes and cables (including locked coil ropes)

7312.10.81.00.00

7312.10.83.00.00

7312.10.85.00.00

7312.10.89.00.00

7312.10.98.00.00

US$1/kg

21.07.2010

21.07.2015

Slide fasteners

9607.11

9607.19

US$3/kg

30.10.2010

30.10.2015

Refillable pocket flint lighters

9613.20.90.00.00

US$0.05/piece

30.10.2010

30.10.2015

Textile fabrics impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with polyurethane (leather substitutes & others)

5903.20.10.10.00

5903.20.10.90.00

5903.20.90.10.00

5903.20.90.90.00

US$1/kg

US$1/kg

US$2.2/kg

US$2.2/kg

30.10.2010

30.10.2015

* Details are listed in the Circular No.2008/25.

^ Details are listed in the Circular No.2010/8.

Remark: Anti-dumping measures in force as at 1 November 2010

Source: Undersecretariat of the Prime Ministry for Foreign Trade

Safeguard measures

While the safeguard quotas on certain textile products originating from the Chinese mainland expired at the end of 2008, Turkey still implements an array of safeguard measures on a number of Chinese imports. The legislative base for implementing safeguard measures is the Decree on Safeguard Measures against Imports and the Implementing Regulations on Safeguard Measures against Imports. Under Turkish law, safeguard measures may be applied (following an investigation) where a product is imported in such increased quantities and under such conditions as to cause or threaten to cause serious injury to the domestic producers producing like or directly competitive products. Safeguard measures can take the form of customs duties, additional financial charges, restrictions on quantity/value of imports, tariff quota or a combination of these forms. In cases in which the safeguard measures take the form of quantity and/or value restriction (establishment of the quota), the average level of imports in the last three representative years for which statistics are available shall be taken into account unless a different level is necessary to prevent or remedy serious injury.

The duration of safeguard measures shall not exceed four years, including the duration of any provisional measure unless it is extended. The duration of the measure may be extended in accordance with the results of a new investigation to be initiated provided it is determined that the safeguard measure continues to be necessary to prevent or remedy serious injury and there is evidence that the domestic producers are adjusting to the conditions of the internal market. An extended measure shall not be more restrictive than it was at the end of the initial period, and shall continue to be liberalised. The total period of application of a safeguard measure shall not exceed 10 years.


Current definitive safeguard measures against mainland products

Product

CN Code

Measures

Details

1st year

2nd year

3rd year

Certain electrical appliances

8509.40.00.00.11

(US$40 / unit) *

8509.40.00.00.12

(US$40 / unit) *

8509.40.00.00.13

(US$40 / unit) *

8509.40.00.00.15

(US$60 / unit) *

8509.40.00.00.19

(US$40 / unit) *

8509.80.00.00.11

(US$60 / unit) *

8516.60.90.00.11

(US$50 / unit) *

8516.31.90.00.00

(US$40 / unit) *

8508.11.00.00.19

(US$50 / unit) *

A fixed duty will be implemented for the imports having CIF value lower than the threshold level

US$5.0 / piece

 

US$5.0 / piece

 

US$5.0 / piece

 

US$8.0 / piece

 

US$5.0 / piece

 

US$8.0 / piece

 

US$6.0 / piece

 

US$5.0 / piece

 

US$6.0 / piece

 

1/11/2008-31/10/2009

US$4.5 / piece

 

US$4.5 / piece

 

US$4.5 / piece

 

US$7.0 / piece

 

US$4.5 / piece

 

US$7.0 / piece

 

US$5.5 / piece

 

US$4.5 / piece

 

US$5.5 / piece

 

1/11/2009-31/10/2010

US$4.0 / piece

 

US$4.0 / piece

 

US$4.0 / piece

 

US$6.0 / piece

 

US$4.0 / piece

 

US$6.0 / piece

 

US$5.0 / piece

 

US$4.0 / piece

 

US$5.0 / piece

 

1/11/2010-31/10/2011

Cotton yarn

52.05 (5205.12, 5205.22, 5205.32, 5205.42 excluded)

Specific duty

20%,

US$1.00 / kg (max); US$0.35 / kg (min) 15/7/2008-14/7/2009

19%

US$0.95 / kg (max);

US$0.33 / kg (min)

15/7/2009-14/7/2010

18%

US$0.90 / kg (max);

US$0.31 / kg (min)

15/7/2010-14/7/2011

5205.12, 5205.22,5205.12

5205.22
5205.32, 5205.425205.32

5205.42

 

15%,

US$1.00 / kg (max); US$0.35 / kg (min)

15/7/2008-14/7/2009

14%

US$0.95 / kg (max);

US$0.33 / kg (min)

15/7/2009-14/7/2010

13%

US$0.90 / kg (max);

US$0.31 / kg (min)

15/7/2010-14/7/2011

Footwear^

64.02

64.03

64.04

Specific duty

US$1.70 / pair

US$2.55 / pair

US$1.70 / pair

10/8/2009-9/8/2010

US$1.65 / pair

US$2.50 / pair

US$1.65 / pair 10/8/2010-9/8/2011

US$1.60 / pair

US$2.45 / pair

US$1.60 / pair

10/8/2011-9/8/2012

Matches

3605.00.00.00.00

The difference between the threshold level (listed on the right) and the actual price of the import product will be collected as duty, subject to a specified maximum level.

US$3.1 / kg* ;

(Max level of duty: US$1 per / kg)

6/6/2009-5/6/2010

US$3.05 / kg* ;

(Max level of duty: US$0.95 per / kg)

6/6/2009-5/6/2011

US$3.0 / kg* ;

(Max level of duty: US$0.90 per / kg)

6/6/2009-5/6/2012

Motorcycles

8711.10.00.00.11

(US$1,200 / piece)*

8711.10.00.00.19

(US$1,400 / piece)*

8711.20.10.00.00

(US$2,000 / piece)*

8711.20.91.00.00

(US$1,400 / piece)*

8711.20.93.00.00

(US$2,000 / piece)*

8711.20.98.00.00

(US$2,300 / piece)*

8711.30.10.00.00

(US$2,600 / piece)*

A fixed duty will be implemented for the imports having CIF value lower than the threshold level

US$170 / piece

 

US$170 / piece

 

US$205 / piece

 

US$170 / piece

 

US$205 / piece

 

US$255 / piece

 

US$255 / piece

 

15/8/2009-14/8/2010

US$165 / piece

 

US$165 / piece

 

US$200 / piece

 

US$165 / piece

 

US$200 / piece

 

US$250 / piece

 

US$250 / piece

 

15/8/2010-14/8/2011

US$160 / piece

 

US$160 / piece

 

US$195 / piece

 

US$160 / piece

 

US$195 / piece

 

US$245 / piece

 

US$245 / piece

 

15/8/2011-14/8/2012

Spectacle frames

9003.11

9003.19

Specific duty

US$3 / piece 5/3/2008-4/3/2009

US$2.85 / piece 5/3/2009-4/3/2010

US$2.70 / piece 5/3/2010-4/3/2011

Steam smoothing iron

8516.40.10.00.00

Specific duty

US$3.50 / piece 10/8/2009-9/8/2010

US$3.25 / piece 10/8/2010-9/8/2011

US$3.00 / piece 10/8/2011-9/8/2012

Travel bags, handbags and similar containers

42.02

 

Specific duty

US$3 / kg (max)

or US$5 / piece5 / piece 8/4/2008-7/4/2009

US$2.90 / kg (max)

or US$4.75 / piece 8/4/2009-7/4/2010

US$2.80 / kg (max)

or US$4.50 / piece 8/4/2010-7/4/2011

Vacuum cleaner

8508.11.00.00.11 8508.19.00.00.00

The difference between the CIF value of the import product and the threshold level will be collected as additional financial liability

US$34 / piece*

10/8/2009-9/8/2010

US$33 / piece* 10/8/2010-9/8/2011

US$32 / piece* 10/8/2011-9/8/2012

* Threshold level

^ (1)   6402.19; 6403.12; 6403.19; 6404.11 subheadings are excluded from the measure.

(2)      For the products under following subheadings, the duty will be US$1.20/pair: 6402.99.50; 6402.99.91; 6403.51.11; 6403.51.91; 6403.59.31; 6403.59.50.00.11; 6403.59.50.00.12; 6403.59.50.00.13; 6403.59.91; 6403.91.11; 6403.91.91; 6403.99.31; 6403.99.50; 6403.99.91; 6404.19.10.00.11; 6404.19.10.00.12; 6404.19.10.00.13; 6404.19.90.00.13; 6404.20.10.

Remark: Safeguard measures in force as at July 2010

Source: WTO, Undersecretariat of the Prime Ministry for Foreign Trade

Registration for textiles and clothing imports

Turkey began to implement new registration regulations on imported textiles and clothing on 1 February 2009, following the expiry of relevant safeguard quotas by the end of 2008. The new regulations require importers to make registrations for the imported textile and apparel products before importation. The registration should contain an Export Registration Form (valid for one year) with a consular certification issued by the Consular Section of the Turkish Embassy in Beijing or the Turkish Consulate Offices in Shanghai or Hong Kong (for companies registered in Hong Kong or Macau only). Prior to this process, a notarial certificate concerning foreign affairs and a consular certification should be issued by the local branch of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) and the local Foreign Affairs Office, authorised by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China to issue the consular certification.

The items affected include silk, wool, cotton, rayon and short fibres, carpets, fabrics weaved by special shuttles and lace fabrics, knitted or crocheted fabrics, all clothing and apparel, blankets, bed sheets and tablecloths, curtains, textile bags and packaging bags, hair nets, and headwear that is knitted or made of fabric. The new regulations affect textile and clothing products of the following categories (HS number):

420310, 420321, 420329, 420330, 430310, 4304;

Category 50;

Category 51;

Category 52;

Category 53;

Category 54 (except 5407.20);

Category 55;

Category 56;

Category 57 (except 5701 and 5702);

Category 58 (except 5805);

Category 59;

Category 60;

Category 61;

Category 62;

Category 63 (except 6305.32 and 6305.33); and

6505

When exporting the above products to Turkey, registration needs to be made at the Records Centre set up by Turkey’s Undersecretariat of the Prime Ministry for Foreign Trade (UFT) for this purpose. The Records Centre takes charge of issuing the registration certificate. The only thing that needs no registration is goods equal to or less than five kilograms for one time when they pass through Customs. A registration certificate is valid for 90 days, and one certificate can only be used for one customs entry application. It cannot be postponed, nor transferred to a third party. Re-registration is required if the registered company would like to change its information.

Import restrictions

Turkey implements import bans on products of some 10 categories according to the environment, public safety, health, public morality or the relevant international conventions. The banned products include drugs, chemical weapons, fuel which is detrimental to health, weapons and ammunition, products which violate trademark rights or whose names violate the International Convention on Industrial Property, silkworm eggs, farm natural fertiliser, games and gambling machines.

Quantitative barriers

Turkey imposed a five-year quantitative restriction on ceramics imported from China as from 1 July 2008. The total import volume from China is controlled at 26,500 tonnes from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2009. From 2010 to 2012, the volume will increase by 5% per year. From 1 January to 30 June 2013, the total volume will increase by 5% on the basis of that of 2012 (i.e. half of the import amount in 2012).

Product standards

The Turkish Standards Institution, or TSE, is the product standardisation body of Turkey, responsible for setting product standards and ensuring compliance. Taking electrical and electronic products as an example, while there is a minimum two-year warranty requirement, it is also necessary to obtain technical approval by TSE, and attain the European CE standard certification under the requirements set out by TSE, before the products can be imported and placed onto the Turkish market. As for toys, TSE also imposes a number of safety standards, which in large follow those required by the EU. Therefore, the attainment of CE standard certification can serve as a good reference for fulfilling TSE requirements.

In sum, manufacturing products within the scope of mandatory standards are subject to inspection by TSE. The inspections are carried out in respect of minimum health, safety and protection of the environment, aiming to provide adequate information to consumers. If the importer declares that the product is in conformity with the relevant international standards (e.g. ISO, CEN, IEC, CENELEC and ETSI), the inspection may be carried out, upon request, according to these international standards.

For products that are CE-marked according to related regulations of the EU and which are freely circulated in the EU, a Conformity Certificate shall be issued directly by relevant competent bodies in cases where the Declaration of Conformity is submitted to TSE before imports. However, TSE may still request the technical file and test the products for verification on whether they can meet the relevant EU requirements.

RoHS

To harmonise with the relevant EU directives, Turkish RoHS entered into force in June 2009. The main contents include:

  • Imported or locally produced electrical and electronic products should not contain lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), hexavalent chromium (Cr6+), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), polybrominated biphenyl ethers (PBDE) and cadmium (Cd). The exemptions are listed in Appendix 2 of Turkish RoHS Regulations. The limits for hazardous substances and the exemptions are the same with the EU RoHS Directive;
  • From the date of sale, manufacturers need to keep for at least five years the profiles and documents proving that the product are in conformity with the technical standards of the regulations;
  • Submit the Conformity Declaration form, in Appendix 3, every year before the end of February;
  • Comply with Article VIII pertaining to imports of electrical and electronic products;
  • Manufacturers should declare that their products are in conformity with the Regulation pertaining to Limitations on the use of Various Harmful Materials in Electrical and Electronic Goods (i.e. the EEE Directive).

WEEE

Regarding waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Forestry released on 23 July 2010 a draft WEEE take-back regulation on the Ministry’s website for opinions. Subject to further discussion, the expected date of it coming into force is 1 January 2012. The tables below show targets of reuse, recycling and recovery included in Turkey’s draft WEEE legislation.

Reuse and recycling targets

Electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) categories

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Weight (%)

Large household appliances

50

55

60

65

75

Small household appliances

10

20

30

40

50

IT and telecommunications equipment

15

25

35

50

65

Consumer equipment

15

25

35

50

65

Lighting equipment

10

20

30

40

50

Electrical and electronic tools

10

20

30

40

50

Toys, leisure and sports equipment

10

20

30

40

50

Medical devices

-

-

-

-

-

Monitoring and control equipment

10

20

30

40

50

Automatic dispensers

50

55

60

65

75

Source: Ministry of Environment and Forestry

http://www.atikyonetimi.cevreorman.gov.tr/belge/AEEE/aeee_taslak.doc (Turkish only)

Recovery targets

Electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) categories

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Weight (%)

Large household appliances

60

65

70

75

80

Small household appliances

20

30

40

55

70

IT and telecommunications equipment

20

30

45

60

75

Consumer equipment

20

30

45

60

75

Lighting equipment

10

20

30

50

70

Electrical and electronic tools

10

20

30

50

70

Toys, leisure and sports equipment

10

20

30

50

70

Medical devices

-

-

-

-

-

Monitoring and control equipment

10

20

30

50

70

Automatic dispensers

50

55

60

70

80

Source: Ministry of Environment and Forestry

http://www.atikyonetimi.cevreorman.gov.tr/belge/AEEE/aeee_taslak.doc (Turkish only)

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