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Country fact sheet – Russia

Country fact sheet – Russia

Official Name

Russian Federation

Geographical location

Across European continent and Northern Asia (60 00 N, 100 00 E)


17,098,242 km2


141 million



Principal cities

St Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg

Neighbouring countries

Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, Ukraine

Ethnic groups

Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, Bashkir, Chuvash


Weather conditions vary with both distance and season. Continental Russia may have its first frost and snow as early as October, which can last until the middle of April. Days are quite short in winter while the situation is opposite in the summer time. Average temperature is 20°C during May and July (summer) and -20°C during December and February (winter).

Official language


Major religions

Orthodox Christianity, Muslim and Protestantism

Time zone

GMT + 3*  (behind Hong Kong by 5 hours)

GMT + 4*  (behind Hong Kong by 4 hours in summer)

(*Moscow and St Petersburg)

International dialling code



Russian ruble (RUB); US$1= app. RUB 30.8 (31 Aug 2010)

Visa requirement

Visa-free access for HKSAR passport holders

Business hours

Private and government offices

9:00 am to 6:00 pm,
Monday to Friday


9:00 am to 6:00 pm,
Monday to Friday


10:00 am to 8:00 pm,
Monday to Saturday

Content provided by Hong Kong Trade Development Council
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